Law on Press
Approved by the National Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam
on 28 December 1989
Article 1. Role and function of the press
The press in the Socialist Republic of Vietnam encompasses all mass media essential to social life, it constitutes the voice of the Party, of the State and social organizations (hereinafter called “organizations”) as well as a platform for the expression of the people’s will.
Article 2. Guarantee of freedom of the press and freedom of speech in the press
The State shall create favorable conditions for citizens, rights to freedom of the press and freedom of speech in the press, and for the press to promote its role.
The press and journalists shall carry out their activities within the framework of the law and shall enjoy the protection of the State; no organization or individual shall restrict or hinder their activities.
No one shall be allowed to abuse the right to freedom of the press and freedom of speech in the press to violate the interests of the State, of any collective group or individual citizens.
The press shall not be subject to censorship prior to publication or broadcast.
Article 3. Press categories
The press referred to in this Law is the Vietnamese press, including the printed press (newspapers, magazines, news bulletins, newsletters), voice press (radio programs), the visual press (television programs, audio-visual news programs effected by various technical means) in the Vietnamese language, dialects of different ethnic minority groups of Vietnam and/or foreign languages.
Citizens’ rights to freedom of the press
and freedom of speech in the press
Article 4. Citizens’ rights to freedom of the press and freedom of speech in the press
Citizens shall have the right:
1. To have access via the press, to information on all aspects of domestic and world affairs;
2. To contact, and submit information to press offices and journalists; to send news, articles, photographs and other works to the press without being subject to censorship by any organization or individual, and to take responsibility before the law for the content of the information submitted;
3. To express opinions on domestic and world affairs;
4. To present views on the formation and implementation of the Party directives and policies and of the laws;
5. To air view, criticisms, proposals, complaints and charges in the press regarding the Party and State authorities and social organizations and the members of such organizations.
Article 5. Obligations of the press with regard to citizens’ rights to freedom of the press and freedom of speech in the press
The press agencies shall have the following responsibilities:
1. To print or broadcast the works and opinions of every citizen; in case of refusal an explanation must be given;
2. To respond, or request the response of the responsible organization or official by letter or via the press, to the proposals, complaints or accusations submitted by citizens.
Chairman of the National Assembly
Nong Duc Manh